Egg Farm Tour

Egg farmers invite you to take this virtual tour of modern egg farms and learn how they ensure egg safety and care for their hens.

Egg Production

Modern egg production is efficient, produces safe eggs and provides for hen well-being.
Most eggs are shipped from the farm, stocked, and consumed within two to three weeks of lay.


Regardless of housing type, egg farmers provide excellent care with constant access to fresh water and feed. In the hen houses, most hens lay one egg every 25 hours.


Eggs are gathered promptly after laying. In conventional cage housing, eggs roll directly onto a conveyor belt because of a slight slope. Immediate separation from the hen’s environment provides a cleaner, safer egg. In cage-free houses, nest boxes facilitate egg collection, minimize hen pecking and keep eggs from litter. The nest is covered by a flap, and the dark environment encourages egg lay.


Eggs on the conveyor belt go to the processing room, where they are washed and visually inspected. On most farms, eggs are handled by machines instead of human hands to decrease potential damage and exposure to contaminants.


Eggs go to the packaging room for inspection. Eggs are candled over a light source that allows defects to become visible. Flawed eggs are removed. Eggs to be sold are sized, packaged and stored in a refrigerated room.


Eggs are shipped off the farm, typically within a week of being laid. They are transported in refrigerated trucks to stores and restaurants.